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Poprzednich dwóch filmów i frenetyczny jest być może jest jednak two DVDs You find a whole new world of K9 communication. If you are passionate about dog training you re-ignite a fire your belly. On the other hand if you do what I first did, which was tell everyone how stupid you think it is then 10 years from now you probably wake up one morning and admit that you missed the boat. technical terms marker training is operant conditioning. Operant conditioning has been around for years. It is how Dolphins are trained at sea world. Operant conditioning forms association between a behavior and a consequence. I can new dog trainers reading this and shaking their heads thinking Dahhhh isn't that pretty obvious and what all dog training is about? answer to that is YES but let's go into a little more detail. When a dog exhibits a behavior we like the consequence is a high value reward. marker training that reward is either a high value food treat or a high value toy that the dog really loves. If a dog does not perform a behavior the consequence is No Reward. This is called a negative reinforcer. When a dog gets a negative reinforcer it must then repeat the exercises if it wants to get the high value reward. old school dog training the consequence of a negative behavior was a correction. No matter what anyone ever tells you dogs do things for themselves. Dogs 't do things to make you feel good. They do things to make themselves feel good. They do things because they are motivated towards feeling comfortable addition to doing things that eliminate feeling discomfort. This is a pretty profound concept and one that pet owners often Pet owners or new dog trainers are often lead to believe that dogs eventually do things to make their owner feel good. The reality is that this is seldom if ever the case. the key to operant conditioning is to teach a dog that when he performs a behavior that we like he gets a reward that makes him feel good the reward gives him a level of comfort. This reward can either be the form of a food or it can be a toy he likes to play with or playing a game with the handler that he gets enjoyment out of or he gets praise from his handler. all years of dog training I have only known one dog that would work strictly for handler praise. the marker training system there are only two consequences to a behavior that we are trying to train. They are a reward or no-reward. Which consequence happens depends on the behavior the dog exhibits to a stimulus. A stimulus can be a command or a cue from the handler. For dogs to associate a behavior with a reward or with punishment the reward or punishment must come immediately after the behavior. We tell people the consequence should come within a 1 second of the behavior. If a reward comes 5 seconds after a behavior the dog has no idea why he is getting a reward. If a new dog owner comes home and finds a pile of dog poop his kitchen and he proceeds to rub the dogs nose it, that dog doesn't have a clue why he is getting punished. if the same dog has been on leash the kitchen and on the floor and the handler had scolded him the instant he saw the dog pee the dog would associate the scolding with peeing because it came within 1 second d of the behavior. training it is not always possible to reward within a 1 second. fact no matter how hard you try you cannot consistently reward a dog within 1 second. The get around this we bridge the time frame between the behavior and the consequence that follows. This bridge allows us to extend the 1 second rule of consequences. That bridge is a word we call it a Marker people use the sound from a clicker. The fact is you can use any word or sound you are comfortable with as as you are consistent. A simple way to look at the as a bridge is that it is like telling your dog Hold on a second I like what you just did and I am going to get to you and give you a high value reward. There are positive and negative markers. The word for a negative Marker is NO or NOPE. It is important to mention that a negative marker is not a correction. It is simply a way of communicating to the animal that he just made a mistake and if he expects to get that high value reward he needs to redo the behavior correctly. Through repetition the dog learns that every time he hears the positive Marker he gets a reward. Every time he hears the negative Marker he does not get a reward and he has to repeat the behavior or exercise. Dogs that are trained with markers become problem solvers. They have learned that when one behavior doesn't work they need to try something and if that doesn't work they just keep trying because if they try enough